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In Lesson 1 you will learn English for betting shops (SP: casas de apuestas IT: negozi di scommesse).
We will explain the vocabulary for gambling and gaming (SP: el juego IT: giochi d'azzardo).
Next we teach you how to make a bet (SP: apostar IT: scommettere).
In this lesson there is also an English language video tutorial to explain How to say 'Hello' in 10 fun
Finally, students practice with communication activities, quizzes and games.
British culture: Raleigh Chopper bike - the coolest (SP: más guay IT: più appariscente, alla moda) and most popular bicycle for kids (SP: chavales, niños IT: ragazzini) in the 1970s.
VOCABULARY GLOSSARY ENGLISH, SPANISH & ITALIAN
Vocabulary used in this lesson of LEARN ENGLISH WITH ZakWASHINGTON
DISCUSSION TOPICS What do you think people do in a betting shop? What will the inside of one of these places be like? How common do you think they are in Britain? Where else is gambling (SP: el juego IT: giochi d'azzardo) legal? What type of people do you think go to such establishments?
ENGLISH LANGUAGE STUDENT’S MAGAZINE (Smartphone-friendly version)
Improve your English reading interesting stuff! CLICK for a FREE copy of ZAKMAG magazine. Contains material for this lesson.
This is the transcription of the video of
ZakWASHINGTON'S GUIDE TO ENGLAND
CHAPTER 1 SONG 1 – THE BETTING SHOP
Listen to the song above and draw a picture of the inside of the betting shop, according to the description.
1.3A. Explain why you think there are so many different names for a betting shop.
Some VERBS in English can only be followed by the GERUND.
Some only by the INFINITIVE. Some by both.
CLASSES Discuss the grammar with teacher’s pet. (SP: empollona: IT: secchione)
(This is the person who always sits near the teacher and tries to dominate and answer all the questions.)
Each time, during the course, that you find a verb that takes one of these structures, add it to the list.
Here is an exercise for VERBS + GERUND or INFINITIVE. This is found in our English language learning magazine ZAKMAG - free every month in your email to all LEARN ENGLISH WITH ZakWASHINGTON subscribers.
WHAT TIME DO THEY START...
IF THE FOOD IS DISGUSTING (SP: asqueros IT: schifoso), YOU SHOULD PRETEND (SP: fingir IT: fare finta)...
IN MADAME TUSSAUD’S YOU RISK...
PAQUITO IS RICH AND HAS DECIDED...
DO THE MEN IN THE BETTING OFFICE WANT...?
IN LONDON EVERYBODY ENJOYS...
WHEN WE ENTERED THE BETTING OFFICE EVERYBODY STOPPED....
THE ‘BOOKIE’ REFUSED...
I CAN’T AFFORD .....
WHEN THE RACE IS OVER DO YOU FANCY ....?
MY WIFE SPOKE TO ME ABOUT GAMBLING (SP: el juego IT: giochi d'azzardo) AND I PROMISED...
YOU’VE WON LOTS OF CASH. YOU DESERVE (SP: merecer IT: meritare)....
THE RACE IS STARTING. I HOPE...
I’M ADDICTED TO WHISKY, WOMEN AND GAMBLING. I CAN’T AVOID (SP: evitar IT: evitare)...
THIS EXERCISE IS REALLY BORING (SP: aburrido IT: noioso), I DON’T FEEL LIKE ...
GLOSSARY & USAGE
 To afford (SP: permitir el lujo IT: permettere) to be able to pay for something. Normally used in the negative and interrogative with ‘can’ and ‘can’t’.
 To fancy (colloq.) (1.) (SP: tener ganas IT: avere voglia di) to have the desire to, to want to. An essential verb for your vocabulary, as this is probably the easiest and most common way of asking someone if they would like to do something; What do you fancy doing? Do you fancy going to the theatre or the opera? Neither. I fancy staying at home watching Rambo on TV.
(2.) (SP: te gusta IT: ti piace) a funny and colloquial way of saying that you find someone attractive, although you should be careful, as you could end up sounding like a teenager; ‘My friend over there at the bar says that he really fancies you and would like to buy you a drink.’ ‘I like you as a friend, but I just don’t fancy you.’
 To feel like (SP: tener ganas IT: avere voglia di) more or less the same as ‘to fancy’ when the meaning is ‘to want to’. (see above).
1.6. Phrasal verbs. Listen to what ZakWashington says then explain the meaning of the verbs.
CHAPTER 1 SONG 2 - HOW TO MAKE A BET IN A BETTING SHOP
(SP: Como hacer una impuesta IT: Come scommettere in un negozi di scommesse. )
GIOVANNI: Everybody is watching the horse race and shouting words that I don't understand.
ZAK WASHINGTON: They are swearwords . I'll teach you those next week.
GIOVANNI: Why don’t these people work?
ZAK WASHINGTON: Because they are helping the community by giving their money to the people who work here. Helping others. It’s ‘charity’. (SP: caridad IT: carità ) At least that is what I said to my ex-wife (SP: ex-mujer IT: ex-moglia).
ANJA: What do I have to do?
ZAK WASHINGTON: Go over there. Look up the odds. Choose from the football, horses or dogs. Find out the next race. Pick up a pen. Check out the newspapers…
FRANCOIS: …and then?
ZAK WASHINGTON…. Pick out a horse. Put down its name. Pick out the horse with the most stupid name. Take out the betting slip, write it down there, give it to the lady with the blond hair.
GIOVANNI: Here’s a horse here called Nagbag (SP: regañona IT: persona assillante ). It’s 12-1. What does that mean?
ZAK WASHINGTON: That means you win twelve pounds for each pound (SP: libra IT: sterlina) you bet. Bet £1 on the horse and you will get…. £12 back, plus the ‘stake’. You got it?
GIOVANNI: Steak! Steak! (SP: bistec IT: bistecca) I like the steak very much! I like meat! Great because I’m getting very hungry.
ZAK WASHINGTON: No a stake (SP: apuesta IT: scommessa). It means a ‘bet’. A ‘stake’ is a type of bet, but it has the same pronunciation as a piece of ‘meat’… you know the type of meat that you eat. Stake? …meat? You understand what I’m talking about? …. Whatever! (SP: da iqual IT: non importa)
ANJA: Now the race is starting! This is very exciting!
ZAK WASHINGTON: They’re off. Our one is in second! But... I think he’s going to pass by the others... Yeah! He’s moving up through the field. Oh, no he isn’t. He’s falling back. He’s tripped up. The jockey has fallen off. He’s going to end up last. Yeah, he’s finished last. Damn! Ah, well....Let’s clear off. I can’t afford to throw any more money away. Let’s get over to the dole office. Come on. Come on you lot! Shift yer bleedin’ arse!
 Swearwords (noun) (SP: palabrotas IT: parolacce) rude, crude, offensive, taboo words. For more details consult Chapter 16.
Is gambling legal in your country? If so, where and when can you do it? What kind of people goes to these places? What kind of illegal gambling takes place? What forms of betting should be legal/illegal? Is gambling immoral? Should betting be permitted in class? What kind of gambling could we use in class to make the lessons more interesting?
1.8 ENGLISH GRAMMAR EXERCISE
Here is an exercise for VERBS + GERUND or INFINITIVE. This is found in our magazine ZAKMAG - free every month to all LEARN ENGLISH WITH ZAK WASHINGTON subscribers.
You wanted a ‘normal’ tourist holiday, but you joined up with a group of badly behaved students on an ‘alternative tour’ of Britain. (regret) (SP: arrepentirse de IT: rimpiangere )
They interrupted the tourist itinerary and visited a local pub. (stop)
It’s freezing cold in London, and you didn’t remember your gloves (SP: guantes IT: guanti ). (forget)
The weather is depressing. The people are unfriendly. The food is an insult to your Mediterranean taste (SP: gusto IT: gusto). (not recommend)
You want to go home, but you haven’t confessed your secret to anybody. (admit)
You would like to meet a rich Englishman/woman who would pay your bills (SP: cuentas IT: bollette). (hope)
Your English is terrible. People won’t stop shouting at you. (keep on )
You have cash-flow problems that are limiting your tourist possibilities. (can’t afford)
Your bed in the hostel is like a rock (SP: piedra IT: pietra ). At home you have a lovely soft comfy one. (miss)
You wanted a ticket for ‘Phantom of the Opera’. There were 4000 Japanese tourists in the queue (SP: cola IT: coda) in front of you. They bought them all. (not manage)
You don’t want to be robbed, but you just look so foreign. People rob you. You can’t avoid (SP: evitar IT: evitare) it. (can’t help)
 (to) keep on (SP: continuar IT: continuare) to continue, to go on, to carry on etc. Note that all of these verbs, when followed by another verb, need to take the gerund; ‘Keep on trying, eventually you’ll get it right.’
 (to) manage to (SP: lograr, conseguir IT: riuscire) Very different from the verb to manage. ‘Manage to’ means to succeed in doing something, normally when there is an element of difficulty. It is similar to ‘can’ and ‘could’ but is for a single action. ‘To manage’ without the preposition is from the word family which includes manager, management and has the meaning of giving orders, controlling and directing. Compare the following: ‘He manages the top football team in Peckham.’ ‘He managed to eat fifty eggs in an hour’.
ENGLISH VOCABULARY EXPLAIN THE DIFFERENCE
This vocabulary activity you can do individually or in the classroom. The solutions can be found in the ANSWER KEY or on the back page of this month's ZAKMAG #2 (link in sidebar).
1.9. Explain the differences.
Bad drivers. / Women drivers.
As there was a posh party at the Ritz, he decided to get dressed. / As there was a posh party at the Ritz, he decided to get dressed up.
She picked up the phone in disgust. / She hung up the phone in disgust.
At ten o’clock we broke out the bottles of champagne. / At ten o’clock we broke the bottles of champagne.
I’m anxious to tell my mum that I’ve got a new boyfriend. / I’m anxious about telling my mum that I’ve got a new boyfriend.
An ancient mummy./ An old lady. / An antique doll.
Reuter’s News Agency. / Patel’s Newsagent’s.
I missed the bus./ I lost the bus.
Little people live in the centre of London. / Few people live in the centre of London.
He came to the party wearing a three-piece suite. / He came to the party wearing a three-piece suit.
To make this class more interesting we are going to organise a league (SP: liga IT: lega). Every time we play competitive games, we are going to keep a record and a league table. You must decide who the teams will be. Ideal number: 2-3. Girls against boys, perhaps? Discuss how you are going to organise the league, the points system, and most importantly, what the prize at the end will be.
HOW TO PLAY
This a game to be played by two teams. Ideally with one or two players per team. (Larger classes can divide themselves into smaller groups.)
· Team A will play from the top of the page to the bottom; Team B from the left to the right. Take it in turns to ask each other question. If you answer correctly - colour in the square on the board.
· The objective is to get from one side of the board to the other, by the quickest route possible. You cannot jump squares, but you can go straight ahead, or diagonally.
· If you answer correctly you can make a line from one side to the other. But, you cannot cross the other team’s line. You must try to block your opponent’s route, so that they have to go round you.
· The winner is the first team to answer enough questions to arrive at the other side of the board.
· Each team has a separate question sheet. The questions must be asked in the order in which they appear.
· The two question sheets are on the next pages. Do not look at the other team’s page.
· If these rules are too complicated, make up your own.
CLASS HAND-OUT VERSION:
ENGLISH LANGUAGE GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY EXERCISE
COPIABLE VERSION of English language TEFL vocabulary game. (Same as above - cut and paste and use in your own #EFL activities:
COPIABLE VERSION of English language TEFL vocabulary game. Part 2 (Same as above - cut and paste and use in your own #EFL activities:
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